Centenaire de la guerre 1914-1918: les carnets de Georges Faller, 14 ans en 1914

Par Aymeric Robert, France Bleu Alsace et France Bleu Elsass vendredi 25 juillet 2014 à 15:18

Le journal de Georges Faller
Le journal de Georges Faller © Radio France

Pendant tout le conflit, un jeune Alsacien, Georges Faller tient un journal, note les mouvements de troupe, colle des articles, des photos... Sa fille, Simone Dechristé, Colmarienne de 83 ans, a accepté de commenter ce document pour France Bleu Alsace. Elle raconte notamment le début de la guerre et le chassé-croisé des soldats allemands et français dans le Sundgau, à Burnhaupt.

"Tous les jours, mon père remplissait son journal, il a également collé des photos au fur et à mesure. Au début, on parle essentiellement des Français qui ont avancé, etc, des coups de feu… Ils sont venus, ils ont réquisitionné une partie de la maison. (...) Au début, ils ont trouvé louche que mon grand-père parle français. Ils l'ont arrêté sous prétexte qu'il puisse être un espion. (...) Quand les officiers sont arrivés, ils l'ont relâché"

Le journal de Georges Faller 2 - Radio France
Le journal de Georges Faller 2 © Radio France - Blandine Costentin

Le père de Simone Dechristé, aujourd'hui colmarienne de 83 ans, se nomme Georges Faller. Son témoignage montre combien les lignes de front ont changé dans les premiers mois de la guerre.

"Alors, ça changeait. Un jour, c'était des soldats français qui passaient. Le lendemain, c'était les Allemands. (…) Une fois, il mentionne même un avion anglais , explique Simone Dechristé. Les gamins montaient dans le clocher pour observer les mouvement de troupes. Et continuellement, ça bougeait. Ça a duré juqu'au mois de novembre 1914."

Le journal de Georges Faller 3 - Radio France
Le journal de Georges Faller 3 © Radio France

"Les gens se réfugiaient dans les caves. Dans la cave où habitaient mes grands-parents, il y avait jusqu'à 60 personnes. Un jour, même, 85 personnes. A partir du mois de novembre, les gens ne pouvaient plus rester dans leur maison. (...) Ils ont dû quitter le village le 1er janvier 1915, tellement il y avait de canonades."

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Signature Grande Guerre Grand Est
](http://www.francebleu.fr/infos/le-centenaire-de-14-18-dans-le-grand-est-1675449)

Clone of Simone Dechristé, guerre 14-16, document