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Économie – Social

Le prix des fruits a augmenté cet été, celui des légumes a baissé

mercredi 19 août 2015 à 9:46 Par Marina Cabiten, France Bleu Auxerre

Le prix moyen des fruits a augmenté de 4% cet été par rapport à il y a un an, en raison d'une flambée des tarifs sur certains fruits estivaux, tandis que celui des légumes a reculé de 2%, selon une étude Familles Rurales présentée mercredi.

Le prix des cerises a flambé durant l'été 2015
Le prix des cerises a flambé durant l'été 2015 © MaxPPP

L’Observatoire des prix "fruits et légumes" de l’association Familles rurales*, présenté ce mercredi, montre que le prix des fruits a augmenté cet été de 4 % par rapport à 2014, mais que le prix des légumes est en baisse (- 2 %).

La fraise et la poire, les deux exceptions

"Après une année 2014 marquée par une baisse des prix des fruits, l'année 2015 connaît une augmentation de leur prix, même s'il reste inférieur au niveau des prix de 2013", année record en raison d'une météo exécrable, indique l'association dans son étude annuelle.   

Le prix moyen d'un kilo de fruits atteint ainsi 3,48 euros, contre 3,34 en 2014 et 3,78 en 2013.   A l'exception de la fraise (-11,02%), qui a atteint son niveau de prix le plus bas depuis 2011, et de la poire (-3,86%), la totalité des huit fruits étudiés par l'association connaissent une hausse, particulièrement importante pour les fruits de plein été, comme les cerises (+19,15%) , à 6,16 euros le kilo, ou les abricots (+12,07%) , à 3,62 euros le kilo.   

Les légumes toujours moins chers

Les légumes, dont le prix avait déjà reculé de 3% en 2014, continuent leur repli tarifaire cette année. Le prix moyen d'un kilo de légumes atteint cet été 2,1 euro, contre 2,15 l'an dernier et 2,21 il y a deux ans. La carotte connaît malgré tout une augmentation notable, de +21,97%, à 1,61 euro le kilo. En revanche, la pomme de terre recule très fortement (-19,75%, à 1,3 euro le kilo) , de même que les haricots verts (-8,02%) ou les aubergines (-7,82%).   

Par canaux de distribution, on constate sans surprise qu'acheter ses fruits et légumes sur les marchés revient toujours plus cher qu'en grande distribution. Ainsi pour un panier comportant un kilo de chacun des 8 fruits et des 8 légumes de l'étude, la facture revient à 51,84 euros sur un marché, contre 46,1 euro en hyper et supermarchés et 44,6 euros en hard-discount .    

*Cette étude se base sur des relevés de prix effectués par 69 consommateurs dans 37 départements pendant les semaines du 8 au 14 juin et du 6 au 12 juillet.

*

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  • Julien Baldacchino *