Politique

INFOGRAPHIES - Ce qu'il faut retenir du premier tour des municipales

France Bleu lundi 24 mars 2014 à 13:16 Mis à jour le lundi 24 mars 2014 à 16:40

La carte actualisée des municipales à l'issue du 1er tour
La carte actualisée des municipales à l'issue du 1er tour © IDÉ

Record d'abstention, percée du Front national, mise en difficulté du PS dans plusieurs villes, etc. Au lendemain du premier tour des municipales, Francebleu.fr revient sur les enseignements du scrutin.

> Cliquez ici pour voir la carte en grand format

Une abstention record

38,72% : c'est le chiffre définitif communiqué par le ministère de l'Intérieur pour l'abstention à ce premier tour des élections municipales. C'est du jamais vu : en 2008, le record précédent avait déjà été battu, avec une abstention se hissant à 33,46%. Depuis 1983, le chiffre de l'abstention ne cesse d'augmenter d'une élection à l'autre.

Le taux de participation au 1er tour des élections municipales depuis 1983 - Aucun(e)
Le taux de participation au 1er tour des élections municipales depuis 1983

La percée du Front national

C'est la plus grande surprise de ce scrutin : dans 315 villes, selon le vice-président du FN Florian Philippot, des candidats se maintiennent au second tour. Le Front national arrive même en tête du premier tour dans plus d'une dizaine de grandes villes, dont Béziers, Avignon, Tarascon, Forbach ou encore Perpignan.

A Hénin-Beaumont, dans le Nord-Pas-de-Calais, le candidat FN Steeve Briois a été élu dès le premier tour, avec 50,26% des voix obtenues. Une première pour le Front national. Un autre candidat de l'extrême-droite est passé dès le premier tour : Jacques Bompard (Ligue du Sud), réélu à la tête de la ville d'Orange (Vaucluse).

Mennucci en troisième place à Marseille

Déception pour le PS : à Marseille, le candidat Patrick Mennucci n'arrive que troisième du scrutin, avec 20,77% des voix. Il arrive donc non seulement derrière le maire sortant, l'UMP Jean-Claude Gaudin (37,64%), mais aussi derrière le candidat du FN, Stéphane Ravier, qui obtient 23,16% des suffrages exprimés. 

Sur les huit secteurs de Marseille, quatre étaient tenus par le PS lors de la précédente mandature. Il pourrait n'en rester qu'un à l'issue de cette élection : celui de Samia Ghali, qui était concurrente de Patrick Mennucci lors de la primaire. Dans son propre secteur, Mennucci est devancé de 12 points par rapport à son concurrent UMP Dominique Tian. 

A Grenoble, les Verts devancent le PS

Là aussi, c'est une déception pour le PS : alors que François Hollande avait réuni près de 65% des voix en 2012, le candidat socialiste Jérôme Safar n'arrive que deuxième (25,31%), devancé par celui d'Europe-Ecologie – Les Verts Eric Piolle (29,41%). L'UMP et le FN devraient venir compléter cette quadrangulaire.

La gauche très en difficulté dans ses bastions

Autre symbole de la claque reçue par la gauche lors de ce premier tour : la ville de Niort, dirigée par la gauche depuis 1957. Elle est passée, dès le premier tour, entre les mains de Jérôme Baloge, le candidat UDI, qui obtient 54,32%, contre seulement 20,35% pour la maire Geneviève Gaillard et sa liste Niort J'adore. 

De nombreuses autres communes de gauche risquent de basculer à droite à l'issue du second tour : Amiens, Angers, Reims, Saint-Etienne et Laval. Et à Nantes, le fief de Jean-Marc Ayrault, la candidate socialiste Johanna Rolland est mise en ballotage favorable mais devra tout de même passer l'épreuve du second tour. Une première depuis les municipales de 1989.

Le rapport de forces national après le premier tour - Aucun(e)
Le rapport de forces national après le premier tour

A Paris, NKM devant Hidalgo

Bonne surprise pour Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet : alors que les derniers sondages la donnaient deuxième au premier tour derrière Anne Hidalgo, la candidate UMP devance d'une courte tête son adversaire dans la capitale. Elle obtient 35,64% des voix, contre 34,40% pour Anne Hidalgo.

En revanche, la sitution ne sera pas favorable au second tour car le scrutin, à Paris, dépend des résultats de chaque arrondissement. Pour parvenir à être élue, NKM devra remporter l'élection dans deux des arrondissements clé, le 12ème et le 14ème.

Le premier élu du Parti Pirate

C'est une autre première en France, avec ce scrutin municipal : le Parti Pirate, né d'un mouvement de pirates informatiques mais qui depuis s'est étendu à la "défense des libertés fondamentales ", a son premier élu. Il s'agit de Freddy Vasseur, candidat affilié au Parti Pirate mais inscrit sur la liste UDI de Geneviève Girard, à Porte-lès-Valence (Drôme). La liste a remporté le scrutin dès le premier tour avec 51% des voix

Le Parti Pirate ne disposait que d'une seule liste complète, dans le 10e arrondissement de Paris. Celle-ci n'a réuni que 3,3% des voix. 

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Municipales Bouton Article Carte © Radio France
](http://www.francebleu.fr/infos/carte-interactive-municipales-les-resultats-commune-par-commune-1381707)