Santé – Sciences

Bourgogne : alerte aux allergies !

Par Christophe Tourné, France Bleu Bourgogne mercredi 22 avril 2015 à 9:12

Si vous êtes sensible aux pollens, la semaine risque d'être longue
Si vous êtes sensible aux pollens, la semaine risque d'être longue © MaxPPP

Ils nous font pleurer, irritent nos muqueuses, nous font éternuer, tousser à répétition et transforment nos narines en fontaines! Bouleaux, platanes, frênes: horreur, revoilà les pollens.

De Strasbourg à Rouen en passant par la Bourgogne et jusqu'à l'Auvergne et la région Rhône-Alpes, la semaine promet d'être très pénible pour les allergiques. C'est le Réseau National de Surveillance Aérobiologique qui le dit. Et ce printemps se présente malheuresement comme un bon cru en la matière explique le docteur Denis Schwender installé à Dijon depuis 1983. Il est l'un des trois médecins allergologues en activité en Côte-d'Or.

le docteur Denis Schwender, allergologue à Dijon

 

Temps sec, soleil avec parfois un peu de vent. C'est le cocktail idéal pour la production et la dissémination de ces petites particules . La saison des pollens dure environ deux mois du 15 mars au 15 mai pour le bouleau et le frêne. Mais ce n'est pas tout : si la météo ne se dégrade pas, la suite des réjouissances dans une à deux semaines ce sont les pollens de graminées , autrement dit le gazon, la pelouse... Ils provoquent le rhume des foins. Ça dure grosso modo jusqu'à fin juillet.

Les allergies sont dans les deux tiers des cas des affections héréditaires. Si on ne naît pas forcément allergiques, celles-çi peuvent se déclarer jusqu'à l'âge de cinquante ans environ. Bref, la plupart d'entre nous qui se croyait prémunie n'est en fait pas encore sorti de l'auberge! Alors voici quelques conseils, pas toujours faciles à respecter, quand il fait très beau: éviter le jardinage, les pique-nique, les sorties et à défaut porter des lunettes de soleil et se laver les cheveux le soir, puisque les grains de pollens vont s'y loger.

 

► EN SAVOIR PLUS  |  Réseau national de surveillance aérobilogique

 

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Les allergies aux pollens (au 22/04/15)
](http://www.pollens.fr/accueil.php)