Société

Enseigner les religions pour mieux vivre ensemble

Par Yassine Khelfa M'Sabah, France Bleu Gironde jeudi 12 février 2015 à 6:00

Les élèves de Terminale S du lycée du Mirail à Bordeaux
Les élèves de Terminale S du lycée du Mirail à Bordeaux © Radio France - Yassine Khelfa M'Sabah

Reportage au lycée du Mirail à Bordeaux où les élèves ont la possibilité d'assister un cours de culture religieuse. Un enseignement qui existe depuis trois ans et qui aiderait les jeunes à apprendre le "mieux vivre ensemble".

Ghislaine Llesta est professeur d'histoire-géographie au lycée du Mirail de Bordeaux , le "lycée du matin" où les élèves ont classe du lundi au samedi jusqu'à 14h, avant d'avoir la possibilité de participer à des ateliers. Parmi ces ateliers, Ghislaine Llesta propose d'enseigner "le fait religieux" aux lycéens. D'abord pour casser les préjugés , ensuite pour mieux comprendre le monde qui les entoure et pour éviter tout fanatatisme .

Selon elle, apprendre les cultures religieuses aux jeunes participe au "mieux vivre ensemble", dans une démarche pour elle totalement laïque.

"La laïcité ce n'est pas éliminer les religions c'est le respect de toutes les libertés, de toutes les croyances. C'est pas un combat contre les religions, c'est apprendre à vivre ensemble." — Ghislaine Llesta

Au départ, ils sont 20 lycéens, de terminale S pour la plupart, à assister à cet atelier une fois par mois. Mais après les attentats contre Charlie Hebdo et l'HyperKasher de Paris , Ghislaine Llesta, professeur à l'origine de l'atelier "fait religieux" organise une conférence inter-religieuse . Là, le groupe s'agrandit, plus de 100 élèves y ont assisté . Étaient présents des représentants des trois religions monothéistes, un chercheur à Sciences Po et un sociologue spécialiste des religions. Une conférence-débat utile pour ces lycéens qui ne comprenaient pas toujours les mobilisations "d'après Charlie Hebdo", utile pour le vivre ensemble et enfin utile pour leur compréhension de la notion de laïcité .

"On comprenait pas trop comment on devait réagir, comment les religions allaient réagir par rapport à Charlie Hebdo. Le principe de notre société c'est le même que celui de la reglion, il faut écouter, comprendre, accepter les autres." — Benjamin

"On a beaucoup découvert la religion musulmane, c'est quand même important de la connaître quand on sait que c'est la deuxième religion de France." — Anaïs

"Dans un pays où la laïcité est importante, en ce moment on peut dire qu'elle n'est pas vraiment comprise et c'est peut-être parce que cette laïcité n'accueille pas assez ces religions mais les rejette." — Garance

En France, l'enseignement du fait religieux à l'école fait débat. Un rapport sur la lutte contre les discriminations co-rédigé par la sénatrice écologiste Esther Benbassa et son collègue UMP Jean-René Lecerf propose de renforcer l'enseignement de la culture religieuse à l'école. Pour Ghislaine Llesta, on est encore loin.

"Les enseignants sont mal formés ou alors ils ont peur de pas être à la hauteur. Pourtant des formations sont proposées aux professeurs. La religion fait peur car tout un tas de clichés véhiculent autour des religions. La religion est souvent associée aux guerres de religion alors que dans le fond c'est tout le contraire. Les religions ont un message de paix et tous ces problèmes qui naissent aujourd'hui naissent de l'incompréhension, de l'ignorance qu'ont les gens sur les différentes religions." — Ghislaine Llesta

Ghislaine Llesta, professeur d'histoire-géographie au lycée du Mirail de Bordeaux  - Radio France
Ghislaine Llesta, professeur d'histoire-géographie au lycée du Mirail de Bordeaux © Radio France - Yassine Khelfa M'Sabah

Au vu de la popularité de ces ateliers, Ghislaine Llesta envisage désormais de faire venir des hommes politiques désormais, la volonté étant de faire comprendre aux élèves en quoi la laïcité est primordiale dans les valeurs républicaines.

Journée spéciale "Comment mieux vivre ensemble ?"

Il y a un mois, près de 4 millions de personnes ont participé aux différentes marches républicaines. Un mois après, France Bleu organise une journée spéciale "Comment mieux vivre ensemble ?". Éducation, citoyenneté, culture : quelles actions contribuent au mieux vivre ensemble ? Connus ou anonymes, qui sont ceux qui l’incarnent aujourd’hui ?

Journée spéciale "Comment mieux vivre ensemble ?" ce jeudi 12 février sur France Bleu

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Journée spéciale "Comment mieux vivre ensemble ?" sur France Bleu. © Fotolia
](http://www.francebleu.fr/evenements/evenement/comment-mieux-vivre-ensemble-journee-speciale-du-12-fevrier-2015-2133759)

"Il ne faut pas combattre les religions, il faut les comprendre pour mieux vivre ensemble"