Société

Réforme territoriale : faut-il croire aux économies annoncées ?

Par Pierrick de Morel, France Bleu mardi 3 juin 2014 à 16:33

La question des économies de la réforme territoriale se pose, à gauche comme à droite.
La question des économies de la réforme territoriale se pose, à gauche comme à droite. © Maxppp

Depuis la présentation mardi de la proposition de réforme territoriale de François Hollande, le projet ne cesse d'être contesté. Parmi les motifs de mécontentement, les économies censées découler du projet, et auxquelles les politiques de droite comme de gauche ont du mal à croire.

Le 9 mai dernier, André Vallini, secrétaire d'Etat à la réforme territoriale, estimait à entre 12 et 25 milliards d'euros les économies qui découleraient de la réforme territoriale, dont le projet a été officiellement présenté mardi. À l'issue du Conseil des ministres, il a finalement annoncé que ces économies potentielles étaient redescendues à 10 milliards, soit à peu près "5 % de la masse globale des collectivités locales, qui est de 250 milliards. "

"Pas d'économies sur les régions... "

" Nous ne ferons pas d'économies sur les régions , prévient quant à lui Alain Rousset, président PS de la région Aquitaine et de l'Association des régions de France, dans un entretien au Monde.  Au contraire, il faudra égaliser vers le haut les salaires des fonctionnaires territoriaux et cela entraînera un coût supplémentaire en fonctionnement." 

Un avis partagé par André Chassaigne, président du groupe Front de Gauche à l'Assemblée nationale : "On ne comprend pas très bien comment il peut y avoir des économies générées parce que dans des régions d'une telle surface, il y aura forcément des services annexes des anciennes régions ", a-t-il expliqué mardi lors d'un point presse.

L'opposition sceptique

Benoist Apparu, député UMP et ex-ministre de Nicolas Sarkzoy, voit "un projet surréaliste fait d'un coup de crayon sur un coin de table", qui "ne supprime pas le moindre étage du millefeuille et ne génèrera quasiment aucune économie ".

Quant à Philippe Vigier, président du groupe UDI à l'Assemblée, il dénonce un simple redécoupage qui ne fera qu'"aggraver " les "fractures territoriales ". "La question absolument essentielle des compétences et de leurs ressources humaines et financières, et celle de la proximité des services publics, n'est jamais abordée. La nécessaire réforme de l'Etat, qui doit être menée, est également passée sous silence. Nous ne voyons pas aujourd'hui quelles économies le gouvernement pourra réaliser avec cette réforme ", a-t-il expliqué mardi dans un communiqué

Le passage de 22 à 14 régions ne serait donc pas efficace pour relancer les finances de la France ? Peut-être sur le long terme espère le député socialiste Olivier Dussopt : "Si vous prenez les aides aux entreprises, il y a tellement de dispositifs gérés par différentes collectivités qu'on peut en réduire le nombre tout en étant aussi efficace. La mutualisation des personnels d'une grande région entraînera aussi des gains de productivité" , analyse-t-il.

Réforme territoriale : qu'est-ce que cela va changer ?

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