Société

Une ancienne maquisarde de Belfort raconte le Débarquement

Par Nicolas Raffin, France Bleu Belfort-Montbéliard vendredi 6 juin 2014 à 6:00

Loti Margulies résistante Débarquement 6 juin 1944
Loti Margulies résistante Débarquement 6 juin 1944 © Radio France - Nicolas Raffin

Loti Margulies avait 18 ans en juin 1944. Cette Belfortaine raconte ce mois décisif dans la libération de la France, et le rôle essentiel des résistants.

Soixante-dix ans après, le regard de Loti Margulies se fait perçant quand on évoque le Débarquement. En juin 1944, cette Belfortaine se trouve dans un maquis F.T.P (Francs-tireurs et partisans) de la Creuse. Elle a fui Belfort en juillet 1942 à cause des persécutions anti-juives.  Avec son groupe, elle sabote régulièrement des lignes de voies ferrées.

"On était persuadés que tout allait se dérouler sans problème"

Elle se souvient très bien du 6 juin : « nous étions absolument ravis, on chantait des chants révolutionnaires. On était persuadés que tout allait se dérouler sans problème  ». Mais les troupes allemandes n’abandonnent pas et commettent plusieurs massacres, dont celui d’Oradour-sur-Glane, pour terroriser la population.

"Comment pouvait-on faire autrement ?" 

Malgré tout, les actions du groupe de Loti continuent. Elle estime que c’était de son devoir : « c’est grâce à nous que le front du Débarquement a tenu. Je me suis rendue compte que beaucoup sont morts fusillés à cause de nos actions. Mais comment pouvait-on faire autrement ? Si nous n’avions pas retardé les Allemands, les Américains se seraient retirés  ».  

Après la fin de la guerre, Loti revient à Belfort : l’un de ses frères manque à l’appel, déporté à Auschwitz. Sur cette période, un seul regret : l’oubli du rôle des maquis pendant le Débarquement : « après la Libération ils nous ont oubliés, enterrés. De Gaulle a eu peur de nous  ». 

6 juin Maquis Loti Margulies / SON

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Dossier - 70e anniversaire du Débarquement - infographie © Radio France
](http://www.francebleu.fr/infos/70e-anniversaire-du-debarquement-934762#articles)